March 1st, 2012


* “…most attractive to Americans, the possession of arms is the

distinction between a freeman and a slave, it being the ultimate

means by which freedom was to be preserved.”

-James Burgh, 18th century English Libertarian writer, Shalhope,

The Ideological Origins of the Second Amendment,p.604

* “The right to bear arms is general. It may be supposed from the

phraseology of this provision that the right to keep and bear arms

was only guaranteed to the militia, but this would be an interpretation

not warranted by the intent.

The militia, as has been explained elsewhere, consists of those persons

who, under the laws, are liable to the performance of military duty,

and are officered and enrolled for service when called upon…. If the

right were limited to those enrolled, might be defeated altogether by

the action or neglect to act of the government it was meant to hold in

check. The meaning of the provision undoubtedly is, that that the

people, from whom the militia must be taken, shall have the right to

keep and bear arms, and they need no permission or regulation of law

for the purpose. But this enables government to have a well regulated

miltia; for to bear arms implies something more than mere keeping; it

implies the learning to handle and use them in a way that makes those

who keep them ready for efficient use; in other words, it implies the

right to meet for voluntary discipline in arms, observing in so doing

the laws of public order.”

-Thomas M. Cooley, General Principles of Constitutional Law, Third

Edition [1898]

* “And that said Constitution be never construed to authorize Congress

…to prevent the people of the United States, who are peaceable citizens,

from keeping their own arms.”

* “If ye love wealth greater than liberty, the tranquility of servitude

greater than the animating contest for freedom, go home from us

in peace. We seek not your counsel, nor your arms. Crouch down

and lick the hand that feeds you; May your chains set lightly upon

you, and may posterity forget that ye were our countrymen.”

-Samuel Adams, American Patriot-Politician, 1722-1803

The Second Amendment IS Homeland Security !